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1. Introduction :

The postgraduate engineering study in the Faculty of Engineering, Assiut University provides the students with the advanced, effective, technology-based education justifying the expectations of the future of science and technology. It should also provide the technical understanding and problem-solving skills which allow coping with the challenges of tomorrow.
The Postgraduate Academic Reference Standards (PARS) for Assiut University - Faculty of Engineering postgraduate academic programs set out generic statements which represent general expectations about standards for the Diplomas, Master of Science (M. Sc.) and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph. D.) degrees in Engineering. These statements clarify the attributes associated with the award of these degrees:

The awards are in accord with the frameworks for contemporary engineering education.
The programs address the national expectations of the graduate engineers.
The graduates awarded these degrees should satisfy the actual and expected market needs.

According to the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET), Engineering is the knowledge of the mathematical and natural sciences, gained by study, experience, and practice, applied with judgment to develop ways to utilize, economically, the materials and forces of nature for the benefit of mankind. It is the ability to initiate and conduct activity associated with engineering processes, systems, problems, opportunities, history, future, impacts, ethics and consequences. It involves knowledge, ways of thinking and acting, and capabilities. It helps prepare individuals to make well-informed choices in their roles as consumers, workers, citizens and members of the global community.

The postgraduate engineering education should achieve excellence in research, public service, and advancement of the state-of-the-art within the discipline. It aims to produce able, broadly educated, highly qualified engineers and useful creative high quality researches and technology through academic excellence. Moreover, it intends to help and encourage the students, faculty and staff to learn, grow, achieve, and serve the needs of society nationally, regionally and internationally. It means also to prepare students for a productive and rewarding career in engineering based on a strong moral and ethical foundation.

2. The Attributes of the Postgraduate Engineer

The engineer must have the ability to:

a) Apply knowledge of mathematics, science and engineering concepts to the solution of engineering problems
b) Identify, formulate and solve engineering problems.
c) Exploit the techniques, skills and up-to-date engineering tools, necessary for engineering practice
d) Design a system, components and processes to meet the required needs of specific cases within realistic constraints.
e) Consider the detrimental impact of engineering solutions on society and environment
f) Design and conduct experiments and analyze and interpret data
g) Demonstrate knowledge of contemporary engineering issues
h) Communicate effectively and work efficiently within multi-disciplinary teams
i) Display professional responsibilities and ethical, societal and cultural concerns
j) Recognize the need to engage in self- and life-long learning
k) Manage engineering projects subjected to economic, environmental and social constraints.
l) Fulfill requirements of potential employers.

3. PARS Characterization For Postgraduate Engineering Programs

A. Programs' Goals :

The Assiut University's Mission is to provide its graduate as well as undergraduate students who joined the university with a wide variety of educational and social backgrounds with high-quality education in a research-led. Members of Faculty of Engineering departments implement this through their strong commitment to both teaching and research. They also aim to engender in their students a commitment to future self-learning and social responsibility. To achieve its mission and programs goals the Faculty of Engineering has developed the following objectives for the Postgraduate Engineering Programs:

Provide graduate engineers with a strong, focused central core, with opportunities for concentrated study in engineering disciplines important to the national and regional communities. Currently these disciplines include electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, civil engineering, architectural engineering and mining and metallurgical engineering.
Provide engineers with higher education based on a firm understanding and practical knowledge. Thus enable them to obtain a broad knowledge and deep understanding in their specific specializations.
Meet the evolving needs of engineers and their employers in national, regional and international industrial and service sectors. This is accomplished by enhancing technical engineering competence, management and leadership skills, and sensitivity to legal and ethical issues.
Foster the technological and economic development of the region by providing technological resources and professional development opportunities to the community and by developing a reputation for high-quality outcomes.
Expose graduates to the managerial, legal, political and ethical issues commonly associated with the practice of engineering.
Provide access to higher degrees in different fields of engineering that are accessible to students from diversified academic and social backgrounds.
Develop interpersonal skills appropriate to a professional person.
Encourage graduate engineers to think independently, work effectively on their own initiative, and develop a social awareness.
Provide graduate engineers with proper experience to conduct individual projects.

B. Learning Outcomes :
Knowledge and Understanding :
Students will have developed knowledge and understanding of :

K1 The ability to integrate knowledge of mathematics, science, information technology, design, business context and engineering practice to solve a substantial range of oriented specific engineering discipline problems.
K2 Impact of design on specific engineering discipline issues.
K3 Professional and ethical responsibilities including codes of practice and the regulatory framework and the global and social context of specific engineering discipline.
K4 Operation and practice of specific engineering discipline systems, equipments and devices.
K5 Requirements for safe operation, the nature of hazards and their operation.
K6 Relevant specific engineering discipline practice and its limitations and have an appreciation of likely new developments.

Intellectual Skills - The ability to :

I1 Use scientific principles in the development of engineering solutions to practical problems and the modeling and analysis of specific engineering discipline systems.
I2 Consider the applicability, economy and risk management in the design of specific engineering discipline systems.
I3 Produce solutions to problems through the application of specific engineering discipline knowledge and understanding often on the basis of limited and possibly contradicting information.
I4 Implement comprehensive engineering knowledge, research and understanding in projects and use new methods required for novel situations.
I5 Work with limited or contradictory information and apply creativity and innovation to the solving of problems.

Practical Skills - The ability to :

P1 Employ computational facilities, measuring instruments, and laboratories equipments safely to design experiments and collect, analyze and interpret results.
P2 Undertake practical testing of design ideas in the laboratory or through simulation, with technical analysis and critical evaluation of results.
P3 Apply engineering techniques taking account of industrial and commercial constraints.
P4 Make use of computer based models and select appropriate ICT tools for solving variety of specific engineering discipline problems.
P5 Extract data from a wide range of sources and select appropriate solutions for specific engineering discipline problems based on analytical thinking.

General Transferable Skills - The ability to :

T1 Search for information and undertake manipulation, sorting and presentation of data.
T2 Apply IT tools related to specific engineering discipline and adapt them in preparing and presenting technical material.
T3 Demonstrate efficient IT capabilities and make use of general IT tools.
T4 Manage time and resources and effectively lead and motivate individuals.
T5 Understand concepts from a range of areas, and collaborate effectively within multi-disciplinary team.
T6 Demonstrate project management skills and effectively manage the time in the context of research projects.

C. Teaching, learning and assessment :
Development of the learning outcomes is promoted through the following teaching and learning methods :
The main teaching, and learning methods adopted for achieving outcomes are :

Lectures - used to transmit information, explain theories and concepts, and illustrate methods of analysis or design. For most lecture courses tutorial sheets are provided to enable students to develop their understanding during private study.
Practical classes - Students undertake laboratory experiments and computing to gain practical skills.
Tutorials classes - To help students with their understanding and to resolve problems in their program materials.
Research projects - Individual project contributing to novel research in the program field of specialization.

In most cases a combination of methods is used. Formal lectures are the principal means of imparting knowledge, and understanding is gained through a combination of tutorials, and coursework assignments. The program also provides a number of learning opportunities through the interaction with those working in the field, during lectures and workshop sessions. Assessment and understanding are primarily assessed in written examinations. However further knowledge and understanding are gained through project work and assessed through reporting and oral presentations. Skills are acquired mainly through coursework and individual or group projects.

Opportunities to demonstrate achievement of the learning outcomes are provided through the following assessment methods:

Written examinations - Unseen examinations of 3 hours duration
Coursework submission - Designed to test knowledge and communication skills; these may include one or more of the following depending on discipline: design studies, computing assignments and laboratory reports.
Short tests - Tests conducted in lectures during the main teaching periods to assess progress.
Oral presentations - Research projects and some taught modules are orally presented.
Individual project reports - These include intermediate and final reports for the Research Project and some taught modules.

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